What is International Criminal Court ICC? Can ICC arrest Russia President Putin?

What is International Criminal Court ICC?

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent international tribunal established in 2002 to prosecute individuals accused of committing serious crimes, including genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The court is based in The Hague, Netherlands and has jurisdiction over crimes committed in countries that have ratified the Rome Statute, which established the court.

The ICC operates independently and is not associated with the United Nations, but it works closely with the international community and cooperates with states to prosecute individuals responsible for international crimes. The court is composed of 18 judges from different countries and regions, and cases are brought before the court by the ICC prosecutor after a preliminary investigation.

The ICC has faced criticism and controversy, particularly from some countries that are not party to the Rome Statute, who claim that it unfairly targets African leaders and lacks accountability. However, supporters argue that the ICC is an important institution for promoting justice, deterring international crimes, and protecting victims.

List of ICC member countries

As of September 2021, there are 123 member states of the International Criminal Court. Out of them 33 are African States, 19 are Asia-Pacific States, 18 are from Eastern Europe, 28 are from Latin American and Caribbean States, and 25 are from Western European and other States.

The full list of 123 members of International Criminal Court is:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Andorra
  4. Antigua and Barbuda
  5. Argentina
  6. Australia
  7. Austria
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Barbados
  10. Belgium
  11. Belize
  12. Benin
  13. Bolivia
  14. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  15. Botswana
  16. Brazil
  17. Bulgaria
  18. Burkina Faso
  19. Cabo Verde
  20. Cambodia
  21. Canada
  22. Central African Republic
  23. Chad
  24. Chile
  25. Colombia
  26. Comoros
  27. Congo
  28. Cook Islands
  29. Costa Rica
  30. Côte d’Ivoire
  31. Croatia
  32. Cyprus
  33. Czech Republic
  34. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  35. Denmark
  36. Djibouti
  37. Dominica
  38. Dominican Republic
  39. Ecuador
  40. El Salvador
  41. Estonia
  42. Fiji
  43. Finland
  44. France
  45. Gabon
  46. Gambia
  47. Georgia
  48. Germany
  49. Ghana
  50. Greece
  51. Grenada
  52. Guatemala
  53. Guinea
  54. Guyana
  55. Honduras
  56. Hungary
  57. Iceland
  58. Ireland
  59. Italy
  60. Japan
  61. Jordan
  62. Kenya
  63. Kiribati
  64. Latvia
  65. Lesotho
  66. Liberia
  67. Liechtenstein
  68. Lithuania
  69. Luxembourg
  70. Madagascar
  71. Malawi
  72. Maldives
  73. Mali
  74. Malta
  75. Marshall Islands
  76. Mauritius
  77. Mexico
  78. Mongolia
  79. Montenegro
  80. Namibia
  81. Nauru
  82. Netherlands
  83. New Zealand
  84. Niger
  85. Nigeria
  86. North Macedonia
  87. Norway
  88. Panama
  89. Paraguay
  90. Peru
  91. Poland
  92. Portugal
  93. Republic of Korea
  94. Republic of Moldova
  95. Romania
  96. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  97. Saint Lucia
  98. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  99. Samoa
  100. San Marino
  101. Senegal
  102. Serbia
  103. Seychelles
  104. Sierra Leone
  105. Slovakia
  106. Slovenia
  107. South Africa
  108. Spain
  109. State of Palestine
  110. Suriname
  111. Sweden
  112. Switzerland
  113. Tajikistan
  114. Timor-Leste
  115. Trinidad and Tobago
  116. Tunisia
  117. Uganda
  118. United Kingdom
  119. United Republic of Tanzania
  120. Uruguay
  121. Vanuatu
  122. Venezuela
  123. Zambia

Can ICC arrest Putin?

The International Criminal Court (ICC) on 17 March issued an arrest warrant for Russian President Vladimir Putin. The charges focused on some of the crimes of the Russian invasion: thousands of Ukrainian children who were kidnapped and transported into Russia.

It’s very unlikely that Putin will be arrested while he is in power. The ICC does not have its own police force, so it relies on countries to enforce its arrest warrants.

Russia is not a party to the Rome Statute, which established the International Criminal Court and which 123 states are signatories to, and Putin is unlikely to travel to a country that agreed to the Statute in the near term. Even if he were to travel abroad, there’s no guarantee that he would be arrested, as countries he traveled to would need to be willing to arrest him.

“Putin is not going to leave Russia. There is no world government that could compel to leave Russia,” says Bill Bowring, a professor at Birkbeck College, University of London who has represented cases against Russia in the European Court of Human Rights. “I don’t think there’s any way he’s going to suffer personal consequences.”